Valium, a versatile sedative in the benzodiazepine family, is a central nervous system (CNS) depressant prescribed largely for anxiety disorders. However, the drug, which is also used for treating muscle spasms and seizures, is also an addictive recreational drug.
Known for its sedative properties, Valium strengthens the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), thereby, lowering anxiety levels and relaxing the muscles. A potent drug of abuse, Valium use can lead to problems like psychological dependence, tolerance and addiction. A leading substance abuse treatment center, Sovereign Health provides top-notch treatment for Valium addiction at all its state-of-the-art treatment locations nationwide.
People with a prescription may continue to fill their medicine boxes long after their medical need for the medicine gets over because of developing a dependence on the drug. Others may share their pills now and then with friends who feel stressed. Soon those friends might start seeking out whole bottles in the black market to maintain their own stash. This is how dependence on the drug becomes a vicious cycle and grows into an addiction.
Following are some of the reasons behind people getting dependent on this drug:
- Valium has muscle relaxant properties
- Its sedative effects help manage sleep disturbances
- The drug causes a sense of euphoria correlated to the dosage and frequency
Valium abuse: signs and symptoms
The risk of abusing the drug increases when one takes it without prescription, consumes more quantity than prescribed or takes the drug too frequently. While Valium abuse in itself can have a number of negative effects on one’s physical and mental health, its combination with other addictive substances like alcohol or opioids can be fatal.
Following are some of the signs and symptoms of Valium abuse:
- Blurred vision
- Muscle weakness
- Changes in appetite and mood swings
- Clumsiness, slowed reflexes, and other motor difficulties
- Dry mouth
- Memory and concentration problems
- Sleeping difficulties and lethargy
- Severe withdrawal symptoms when the drug is not consumed
As many users often hide their drug use, it is often hard to recognize the symptoms of abuse. Sometimes, parents with a Valium prescription might be unaware that their teen is diverting some of the prescription allotment to use recreationally. However, as one continues with the abuse of the drug, the effects get visible and demand timely treatment for quick recovery.