Teen Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that functions as a stimulant, appetite suppressant and an anesthetic. Commonly referred to as Blow, Coke, Snow and White lady, the drug is usually available in the form of a fine white powder. However, crack cocaine looks like oily shards of crystal. Cocaine is a Schedule II substance and is illegal for recreational use. With a few exceptions, the coca plant itself is prohibited within the U.S. When snorted, cocaine causes direct damage to nasal mucosa and nasal cavity. It travels through the bloodstream, resulting in various negative health effects.

In spite of the dangers of cocaine abuse and addiction, in 2016, an estimated 1.9 million people (aged 12 or older) were reported to be its current users, including about 432,000 users of crack cocaine. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) further stated that 28,000 adolescents (aged 12 to 17) used cocaine, while 3,000 used crack.

Perils of addiction

Recurrent and prolonged use of the drug can lead to life-long dependence or addiction, along with other adverse mental, physical, personal and social consequences. A widely abused and euphoria-producing substance, cocaine affects the entire cardiovascular system and can even cause death. In fact, cocaine use is one of the leading causes of heart attacks in healthy young adults. Long-term or heavy cocaine use can lead to intense drug cravings, agitation and exhaustion, severe depression, disorientation and respiratory failure. If an individual suddenly stops the intake, he or she can experience severe drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms, with the accompanying discomfort causing a relapse.

Whether snorted, ingested, smoked or injected, cocaine is psychologically addictive and dangerous. Habitual cocaine use causes the neurotransmitters in the brain to develop tolerance to the drug. The resulting malfunction in the brain’s reward center prevents such individuals from feeling happy in the absence of the drug.

Symptoms of cocaine addiction

Cocaine use can cause increased energy, anxiety, inability to sit still (akathisia), hyperirritability as well as hallucinations. Its abuse can lead to severe physical and psychological symptoms in individuals. An overdose can lead to arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm), high blood pressure, confusion, psychosis, heart failure, seizures and stroke. Its common physical effects are dilated pupils, chronic runny nose, rapid heart rate and tissue damage to mucous membranes in nose, lips and gums. Mood swings are common among teens and young adults.

Here are some of the other effects of cocaine abuse:

  • Nosebleeds
  • Deviated septum
  • Anorexia
  • Heart attacks
  • Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat)
  • Sweating
  • Agitation
  • Decreased sleep

Besides these, friends and family members can detect signs of drug addiction in their loved one if they discover that the person has lost interest in things that he or she once enjoyed or was passionate about. If the individual stops looking after himself/herself, remains isolated, talks less, avoids school, college or workplace, and remains irritable all day, it should ring a bell.

Cocaine addiction treatment

Although no pharmacological agent can alleviate the withdrawal pangs or cravings for cocaine, multiple therapeutic modalities are effective in cocaine addiction treatment. The foremost step is a thorough detoxification treatment at certified cocaine detox centers to remove the toxic substance, and help the patient overcome cravings during rehab and develop effective life skills to live a drug-free life post his or her recovery.

Comprehensive cocaine addiction treatment at a rehab center consists of a holistic combination of medically supervised cocaine detox treatment followed by intense behavioral therapies. When provided under the care and supervision of trained specialists, the detox program helps reduce drug dependence gradually. A well-managed detox process is followed by therapy and counseling that help specialists identify the underlying causes of addiction and patients maintain sobriety after the treatment.

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Why choose Sovereign Health

Sovereign Health of Rancho San Diego is dedicated to better adolescent lives, especially when it comes to conquering addiction. Our Joint Commission-accredited program adopts holistic ways to improve chances of long-lasting recovery.

At our state-of-the-art facilities, our team with extensive experience helps teens find their path to sobriety and chose a life free of drugs. Our adolescent facility tailors cocaine addiction treatment to the needs of young people aged 12 to 17 years. We run medical, psychological and psychiatric assessments to correctly diagnose and treat all co-occurring disorders.

Dedicated at providing cutting-edge treatment to all our patients, substance abuse treatment program offered at our centers provides a combination of individual, group and family therapy along with individualized evidence-based and experiential treatments. To know more about our top-notch addiction treatment programs, call our 24/7 helpline and speak to a member of our admissions team. You can even chat online with a representative for further assistance.

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