Bath Salts

Synthetic cathinones, commonly known as “bath salts,” are chemically made from synthetic compounds like 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone, pyrovalerone and methylone. These synthetic ingredients are obtained from natural ingredients called cathinones, found in khat, a shrub grown in East Africa and the Middle East. Many people chew on the leaves to obtain a mild stimulating effect.

A family of designer drug stimulants, synthetic cathinones appear as white or brown small crystals packed in small plastic or foil bags concealed with labels like “laundry detergent,” “plant food,” or “jewelry cleaner.” This synthetic, mind-altering drug can be bought online or even from drug paraphernalia shops. It is often known as “Flakka,” “Bloom,” “Cloud Nine,” “Lunar Wave,” “Vanilla Sky,” “White Lightning,” and “Scarface.” Cathinones can be snorted, smoked, injected or swallowed.

Bath salts, white powder or a crystalline substance, are chemically similar to cocaine, amphetamines and ecstasy. Synthetic cathinones are considered addictive, mind-stimulating psychoactive substances that are cheap substitutes for cocaine or ecstasy, making bath salts abuse a growing problem among young people.

Bath salts abuse

The last few years have seen a rapid increase in bath salts abuse. Considered to be addictive and dangerous, a number of active ingredients in bath salts have been banned by a majority of states and the federal government.

Bath salts work by stimulating the central nervous system and temporarily increasing the dopamine level. Its use causes heightened empathy, intense euphoric effects, an increased sense of alertness, heightened sexual stimulation and an increased awareness of the senses. What makes the abuse dangerous is the ever-changing chemical makeup of the drug that makes the effects completely unpredictable.

Bath salts abuse: Signs and symptoms

Addiction to bath salts can lead to short-term and long-term health consequences. Following are some of the symptoms of bath salts drug abuse.

  • Paranoia
  • Excitability
  • Hallucinations
  • Increased sociability
  • Increased sex drive
  • Panic attacks
  • Excited delirium
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sweating
  • Nausea

Addiction to bath salts and their abuse can turn out to be deadly as the drug hijacks the brain, making it difficult to obtain a euphoric state. Once the high gets over, it is typical for an individual to feel depressed and lonely, resulting in the strong urge to use again.

Post a long-term drug abuse, immediate stopping of bath salts can lead to a variety of uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Following are some of the withdrawal symptoms associated with bath salts abuse.

  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Paranoia

A supervised detoxification treatment at certified bath salts detox centers can help ease the drug withdrawal symptoms and minimize the likelihood of a relapse.

Bath salts abuse treatment

A person addicted to bath salts experiences psychological dependence and severe health consequences. Once addicted to the substance, users may experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms while trying to quit the substance.

A comprehensive treatment of bath salts addiction consists of a medically supervised bath salts detox treatment followed by behavioral therapies. While medically assisted detox program helps the patient get rid of the toxic substances and handle the intense withdrawal symptoms, behavioral counseling can help uncover any underlying illness behind substance addiction and avoid any relapse.

Although there is no medication to help alleviate withdrawal symptoms or treat this addiction, there are many psychotherapy techniques that help in addiction management, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), contingency management and motivational enhancement therapy.

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Why choose Sovereign Health?

At Sovereign Health of Rancho San Diego, our multidisciplinary team of professionals provides expert-level care to teens with substance abuse problem. Fully accredited by the Joint Commission and dually licensed, addiction treatment programs at our state-of-the-art treatment facilities are customized to fit the specific psychological and pharmacological needs of all the patients to maximize their likelihood for a quick and lasting recovery.

Understanding that no one treatment suits all, each patient undergoes thorough medical, psychological, and psychiatric assessments upon admission that help our team design an individualized plan to suit the needs of the patient.

In addition to clinical treatments and behavioral therapies, Sovereign Health of Rancho San Diego provides evidence-based treatments. The family therapy is an important part of the program, as parents and siblings play a vital role in a young person’s recovery. We also offer adjunct, experiential therapies, including equine therapy, art and music therapies, fitness and yoga, that help improve mental health and overall well-being.

For more information on our evidence-based substance abuse treatment plans or to locate our state-of-the-art treatment centers, near you, call our 24/7 helpline number and speak with our admission specialist. You can also chat online with our representatives for further assistance.

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