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10-05 National Depression Screening Day: Depression, anxiety can affect bone metabolism in teens and young adults

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National Depression Screening Day: Depression, anxiety can affect bone metabolism in teens and young adults

Depression can have myriad effects on anyone irrespective of age, gender, race or economic status. Now, a new study has revealed that major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) affect the bone metabolism in older teens and young adults. The study has found that the severity of MDD is linked with elevated lumbar spine (LS), areal bone mineral density (aBMD), after making necessary adjustments for factors such as age, gender, Vitamin D concentration and lean mass, among others.

The research involved a detailed examination of 264 adolescents and young adults aged 15-20 years, who had started taking SSRI a month before or had not taken the medication. Researchers analyzed the interrelationships between bone measures and symptoms of MDD, GAD and SSRI indices. The researchers found that signs of GAD were to some extent, but independently, linked to rising bone mineralization after taking into consideration depression levels. The findings of the study titled “The Effect of Depression, Generalized Anxiety, and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors on Change in Bone Metabolism in Adolescents and Emerging Adults,” were published recently in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

The researchers also found that SSRI use corresponded with increasing levels of LS aBMD in female respondents, while in male participants SSRI use corresponded with lower levels of LS aBMD. Elucidating the observations, the authors of the study wrote, “In older adolescents and emerging adults, MDD and GAD are associated with increasing bone mass, particularly in the lumbar spine and in females, while SSRIs are associated with increasing bone mass in females but decreasing bone mass in males.”

Depression, anxiety widely prevalent in US

Depression and anxiety problems are prevalent in the United States with most anxiety patients suffering from depression and vice versa. According to a study titled “National Trends in the Prevalence and Treatment of Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults,” the pervasiveness of major depressive episodes has risen from 8.7 percent in 2005 to 11.3 percent in 2014 in American adolescents and from 8.8 percent to 9.6 percent in young adults. Authors of the study, published online in the journal Pediatrics in November 2016, opined that though mental disorders like depression have become more common in adolescents and young adults in recent years, the nation has witnessed little change in mental health treatments, resulting in most affected teens and young adults remaining untreated.

Treatment of any mental disorder necessitates screening of its manifestations. The “National Depression Screening Day (NDSD)” is observed on Thursday of the first full week in October every year to raise awareness among people about the need to get themselves and their loved ones inspected for any underlying signs of the mental condition. This year, health care advocates, medical professionals and federal agencies are going to disseminate necessary information about the commonality of depression and its adverse effects, if not diagnosed and treated timely.

Checking into teen depression rehab

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), the foremost cause of disability among Americans aged 15-44.3 years has been identified as MDD. With more than 16 million American adults in the grip of the disorder, it is necessary that proper and adequate measures are designed and implemented to curtail the rising prevalence of the disorder.

Depression is a treatable mental condition. Sovereign Health of Rancho San Diego’s teenage depression treatment facility combines CBT, group and individual therapies to treat the affected holistically. Based on a detailed assessment of genetic, social and environmental factors that may help explain the onset of depression in an adolescent, our clinicians construct a treatment program tailored to meet the patient’s individual needs. Call our 24/7 helpline or chat online with one of our representatives for more information about our teen depression rehab in California.

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